Consiousness Raising

"Consciousness-raising — studying the whole gamut of women’s lives, starting with the full reality of one’s own — would also be a way of keeping the movement radical by preventing it from getting sidetracked into single issue reforms and single issue organizing. It would be a way of carrying theory about women further than it had ever been carried before, as the groundwork for achieving a radical solution for women as yet attained nowhere. It seemed clear that knowing how our own lives related to the general condition of women would make us better fighters on behalf of women as a whole." (Kathie Srarchild)

Consciousness-Raising: A Radical Weapon by Kathie Sarachild from Feminist Revolution, Redstockings of the Women's Liberation Movement, 1978

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"A political contribution which we feel we have already made is the expansion of the feminist principle that the personal is political. In our consciousness-raising sessions, for example, we have in many ways gone beyond white women's revelations because we are dealing with the implications of race and class as well as sex." (The Combahee River Collective)

The Combahee River Collective Statement, April 1977

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"Feminism is the first theory to emerge from those whose interest it affirms. Its method recapitulates as theory the reality it seeks to capture. As marxist method is dialectical materialism, feminist method is consciousness raising: the collective critical reconstitution of the meaning of women's social experience, as women live through it." (Catharine MacKinnon)

Consciousness-Raising (part 1), (Part 2) by Catharine MacKinnon from Toward a Feminist Theory of the State, 1989